Initiated by English architect Richard Norman Shaw in 1868, the style began with late medieval overtones but eventually acquired more classical detailing reflecting the reign of Queen Anne and the immense popularity of Classical architecture in 18th century England. The American version of the style, sometimes referred to as Free Classic, came to popularity after the Centennial Exposition of 1876 where two impressive English buildings in the style were admired.
- Irregular plan and massing.
- Steeply pitched roofs with an open gable end often prominent.
- Bay windows or towers.
- Small, classical details often overshadowed by the large mass of house.
- Wide variety of exterior material patterns used.
- Tall, thin chimneys.
- Windows with small panes over or around the primary pane.