CRAFTSMAN STYLE (1900-1940)

Carpenter-BuilderThe Craftsman Style’s roots are in the Arts and Crafts Movement of William Morris in England with its emphasis on simplicity and natural craftsmanship. Its major influence was the craftsman philosophy of certain architects, writers and critics around the turn of the century. Especially influential was Gustav Stickley’s magazine The Craftsman (1901-1906) in which many types of houses embodying the craftsman philosophy were published. Craftsman houses displayed what was thought to be an honest and natural use of materials. They were unpretentious, void of classical details and gave the illusion of having sprung from the soil. Herron-Morton Place has numerous examples of craftsman influence, especially along Talbott Street.

CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Low-pitched, overhanging roof with exposed rafter ends and knee braces under the eaves.
  • Broad porches with strong, non-classical, battered piers.
  • Usually one or one-and-a-half stories.
  • Irregular pattern of window and door openings.
  • Natural expression of materials such as wood shingles, clapboards, stucco, fieldstones, and brick.
  • Variety in window size and type.

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